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Age of Exploration and Enlightenment

On Friday, August 23 we have a make-up artist coming in to make-up students to look like they have the Black Plague! If your child wants to be made up then please have them bring an extra set of clothes.

We have just started a new unit on Exploration and Enlightenment. Please review my power point notes with your child. Watch out for worksheets and writing assignments.

 

MAP TEST - FRIDAY, AUGUST 23

 

web site info and parent night

To: PARENTS

From: Mrs. Blake

RE: PARENT NIGHT – OCTOBER 14

 

It is an honor to be teaching your child this year. The school year has got off to a great start. Please keep informed with your child’s project and test calendar by going to the Itawamba County Home Page and following my teacher website link to www.schoolrack.com.  All of my World History Notes along with test dates are listed. I have also include valuable information about upcoming projects and open house festivities.

As printed on my website your child will be participating in Parent Night activities on Monday. October 14.  The students will be dressed as characters from history and will have their work displayed on tri-folds containing information about the characters they have studied.  Students will be placed around the school like wax work mannequins and will come to life for 20-30 seconds at a time to give facts and information about their character. If your child cannot participate please call me at 1-662-825-2401 or e-mail me at vblake@itawamba.k12.ms.us   A student who cannot participate on parent night will still have to make their tri-fold board and will have to dress in their character costume during their break time.

I have included a copy of their assignment. Students will receive two grades for this assignment. They will receive a grade for both their tri-fold board and for dressing and presenting their character. I really hope your child will be able to attend.

I will send out a memo closer to time to let you know what time your child needs to be at the high school and what time they can leave. Thank you for allowing me to teach your child this year.

 

Thank you.

 Mrs. Blake

Rubric for Character Project

 

                      Tri-Fold Board

 Student: ___________________   Subject:  World History                Grade:  10

Evaluated By:
Self    Peer    Teacher

Criteria

Level 4

Level 3

Level 2

Level 1

Name of Historical Character on   Board

Historical Name is spelled correctly   and is creatively shown on board

Historical Name is spelled   correctly but lacks creativity

Historical name is not spelled   correctly and lacks creativity

Historical name is not on board

Color Picture of Character

Picture is an 8x10 and is of clear   quality

Picture is an 8x10 but not good   quality

Picture is presented but not the   right size

No picture on board

Timeline - Life of Character

Time-Line shows life of character   from birth to death

Time-Line shows most events in the   character's life

Time-shows few events in the   character's life

No Time-Line

10 Major Facts about Character

All facts are listed

6-9 facts

1-5 facts

No facts

Student Name, Grade and Date on   board

All information included on the   student

Some information included on the student

Little information included on the   student

No Name, Grade of Date

Comments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costume/Make-up

 

 

Student: ___________________   Subject:  World History                Grade:  10

Evaluated By:
Self    Peer    Teacher

Criteria

Level 4

Level 3

Level 2

Level 1

Costume depicts historical   character and time period

Costume fits the historical   character and time period

Costume mostly fits the historical   character and time period

Costume poorly fits the historical   character and time period

Costume does not depict historical   character or time-period

Costume includes accessories:   hats, gloves, scarves, bags, etc.

Costume includes all accessories

Costume includes most accessories

Costume includes few accessories

Costume does not include any accessories

Students use at least one prop to   help them demonstrate their character

Students creatitively use at least   one prop

Student has one prop but doesn’t   use it creatively

Student uses one prop but it doesn’t   match the character

No props used

Makeup fits the time period

Makeup fits the character and time   period

   

No makeup is used

Overall Impression

Excellent

Good

Fair

Poor

 

 Presentation

 

Student: ___________________   Subject:  WORLD HISTORY                Grade:  10

Evaluated By:
Self    Peer    Teacher

Criteria

Level 4

Level 3

Level 2

Level 1

Student is frozen until it is time   to perform

Student is frozen until it is time   to perform

Student is frozen most of the time   until it is time to peform

Student is seldomly frozen

Student is not frozen

Student speaks clearly

Student speaks clearly all of the   time

Student speaks clearly most of the   time

Student speaks clearly

Student does not speak clearly

Student has information about   their character memorized

Student has their information   memorized

Student has most of their   information memorized

Student has their information   partly memorized

Student does not have their   information memorized

Student acts in a professional   manner and takes project seriously

Student acts in a professional   manner and takes project seriously

Student acts in a professional   manner most of the time and takes project seriously

Student acts in a professional   manner some of the time

Student does not take project   seriously and does not act professionally

Student falls back into wax statue   immediately after presentation

Student falls back into wax statue   immediately after presentation

Student falls back into wax statue   almost immediately after presentation

Student falls back into wax statue after breaking character and talking to audience

Student does not fall back into   wax statue at all

Comments:

 

Enlightenment

 

The Enlightenment: the “Age of Reason”

 

• Galileo Galilei: improved the telescope; convinced people that Copernicus was right and that the sun is the

__________________________________; 1632 published the

Discourses and put on trial in 1633

• Isaac Newton: discovered the principle of ___________________________ (foundation of physics), 1687

• Joseph Priestly & Antoine Lavoisier: framework for the science of _______________________________

(identified 33 elements and named them—like oxygen—and said that matter should be classified by

weight, and that energy is always conserved in any reaction), 1789

• Edward Jenner: first vaccine against _____________________________, 1796

 

Through the use of reason we can solve every problem and create a perfect world!

 

Philosophes

 

(political philosophers):

 

Thomas Hobbes

 

:

published

The Leviathan in 1651 (A Leviathan is a huge monster, like the Loch Ness

monster). The

leviathan is a metaphor for the perfect government; it is _________________

__________________________________________________________________________

• people are naturally __________________, _________________, & _________________ .

• if people aren’t controlled, they will __________________________________ and fight

and commit crimes against each other; Hobbes calls this the “

state of nature,” “war of

 

everyone against everyone”

 

• To avoid this chaos, people have given up their ___________________ to ______________

• A ________________ government is the only way there will be peace and order,

no _______________________ and no ____________________________.

 

John Locke

 

:

published

Two Treatises of Government in 1690

• people are naturally ______________________________________________________

• People have

_________________________ like life, liberty, and ownership of property.

• People form governments to protect their __________________________. However, the

citizens have _________________________ (higher power and authority than their leaders).

• A

______________________________ is an agreement between citizens and their

government in which the citizens give up some control, and the government protects the

citizens’ rights.

• The best kind of government has ___________ ___________ (NO absolute monarchies).

• If the government isn’t keeping its end of the contract (if it _______________________

_________________________________) then it is morally right to ________________

and _________________________________________! The citizens have the right to

get rid of the oppressive leaders and get new leaders who will protect their rights! His

ideas influenced Thomas Jefferson and John Adams who wrote the _______________,

____________________ ______ _________________________________ .

 

Voltaire

 

: In his 20s, imprisoned for criticizing the French government. Exiled to England

where he got to know John Locke and Isaac Newton. Returned to France and wrote many,

many widely read letters and pamphlets speaking against __________________________ ,

____________________, _________________________________, _________________

and ______________________________ “

Ecrasez l’infame!” was his slogan (“________

 

the infamous thing

 

!” –the infamous thing was _____________________________).

 

Montesquieu

 

:

published

The Persian Letters in 1721 (making fun of the nobles and king of France) and The

 

Spirit of the Laws

 

in 1748 (which outlined his idea of separation of powers)

• If a government only has one leader, he or she always _____________________________

(oppresses people). Oppression = not giving people their “__________________________”.

• The only way to avoid this oppression is to separate the ___________________ (legislative)

power____________________________________ (executive) power, and power to

_________________________________________ (judicial) into three “branches” of

government, controlled by ____________________ _________________. Each branch cannot tell the

other branch what to do, so no one can take control of all powers of government.

• His idea influenced people like George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin, who

helped write _________________________________. It set up our three branches of government:

legislative (

Congress: the Senate and the House of Representatives), judicial (the local, district, and

supreme

courts), and executive (the President and his/her advisors).

 

Denis Diderot

 

: published the first Encyclopedia (28 volumes) between 1751-1789.

The first time all knowledge on different subjects was brought together in one publication.

Articles on other

philosophes, speaking against ___________________________________,

___________________________________speaking

for ___________________________,

_________________________________________________________________________ .

 

Rousseau

 

:

published

The Social Contract in 1762

• believed that people were naturally ____________, but were corrupted by the society they

lived in, which oppressed people: “

____________________________________________

 

__________________________________________.”

 

• People form governments because the _____________________ is more important than

individuals, and people freely agree to

some ____________________________________

________________________________________ (but not total government control).

• The agreement between citizens and their government is called a

_____________________.

• When forming governments, citizens accept control from the government but still have

_________________________ that the government cannot take away, because

governments can only exist if they have the ________________________

________________________________________ .

 

Mary Wollstonecraft

 

:

published

A Vindication of the Rights of Woman in 1792

• Women have been excluded from the ___________________________.

• A woman’s first duty is to be a _________________.

• A woman should be free to make decisions for herself, not be dependant

_______________ on her husband.

• Boys and girls should get the same ___________________ (girls need it to participate

equally in politics and government).

• She opened her own _____________________.

 

Answer Key to The Enlightenment: the “Age of Reason”

 

• Galileo Galilei: improved the telescope; convinced people that Copernicus was right and that the sun is the

 

center of the solar system

 

; 1632 published the Discourses and put on trial in 1633

• Isaac Newton: discovered the principle of

gravity (foundation of physics), 1687

• Joseph Priestly & Antoine Lavoisier: framework for the science of

chemistry (identified 33 elements and

named them—like oxygen—and said that matter should be classified by weight, and that energy is

always conserved in any reaction), 1789

• Edward Jenner: first vaccine against

smallpox, 1796

 

Through the use of reason we can solve every problem and create a perfect world!

 

Philosophes

 

(political philosophers):

 

Thomas Hobbes

 

:

published

The Leviathan in 1651 (A Leviathan is a huge monster, like the Loch Ness

monster). The

leviathan is a metaphor for the perfect government; it is a gigantic human

 

form made out of the bodies of its citizens with the king as its head

 

.

• people are naturally

cruel, greedy & selfish

 

• if people aren’t controlled, they will

oppress each other and fight and commit crimes

against each other; Hobbes calls this the “

state of nature,” “war of

 

everyone against everyone”

 

• To avoid this chaos, people have given up their

freedom to the government.

• A

strong government is the only way there will be peace and order, no civil war and no

 

rebellions

 

.

 

John Locke

 

:

published

Two Treatises of Government in 1690

• people are naturally

good, reasonable, and moral.

• People have

natural rights like life, liberty, and ownership of property.

• People form governments to protect their

natural rights. However, the citizens have

 

sovereignty

 

(they have more power than the leaders.)

• A

social contract is an agreement between citizens and their government in which the

citizens give up control and the government protects the citizens’ rights.

• The best kind of government has

limited power (NO absolute monarchies).

• If the government isn’t keeping its end of the contract (if it

takes away the natural rights

 

of citizens or oppresses them

 

) then it is morally right to rebel and overthrow the

 

government

 

! The citizens have the right to get rid of the oppressive leaders and get new

leaders who will protect their rights! His ideas influenced Thomas Jefferson and John

Adams who wrote the

U.S. Declaration of Independence.

 

Voltaire

 

: In his 20s, imprisoned for criticizing the government. Exiled to England where he got

to know John Locke and Isaac Newton. Returned to France and wrote many, many widely read

letters and pamphlets speaking against

inequality, injustice, superstition, the slave trade, and

 

religious prejudice

 

. “Ecrasez l’infame!” was his slogan (crush the infamous thing! –the

infamous thing was

prejudice).

 

Montesquieu

 

:

published

The Persian Letters in 1721 (making fun of the nobles and king of France) and The

 

Spirit of the Laws

 

in 1748 (which outlined his idea of separation of powers)

• If a government only has one leader, he or she always

abuses their power (oppresses

people). Oppression = not giving people their “

natural rights”.

• The only way to avoid this oppression is to separate the

law-making (legislative) power,

 

administrative & supervisory

 

(executive) power, and power to judge whether people have

 

broken the law

 

(judicial) into three “branches” of government, controlled by different

 

leaders

 

. Each branch cannot tell the other branch what to do, so no one can take control of all powers of

government.

• His idea influenced people like George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin, who

helped write

the U.S. Constitution. It set up our three branches of government: legislative (Congress:

the Senate and the House of Representatives), judicial (the local, district, and supreme courts), and

executive (the President).

 

Denis Diderot

 

: published the first Encyclopedia (28 volumes) between 1751-1789.

Articles on other

philosophes, speaking against slavery and the divine right of kings,

speaking for

freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and free education for all.

 

Rousseau

 

:

published

The Social Contract in 1762

• believed that people were naturally

good, but were corrupted by the society they lived in,

which oppressed people: “

man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains.”

 

• People form governments because the

common good is more important than individuals,

and people freely agree to some

government control (but not total government control).

• The agreement between citizens and their government is called a

social contract.

• When forming governments, citizens accept control from the government but still have

 

freedom

 

, because governments can only exist if they have the consent of the citizens.

 

Mary Wollstonecraft

 

:

published

A Vindication of the Rights of Woman in 1792

• Women have been excluded from the

social contract.

• A woman’s first duty is to be a

mother.

• A woman should be free to make decisions for herself, not be dependant

legally on her

husband.

• Boys and girls should get the same

education (girls need it to participate equally in

politics and government).

• She opened her own

school.