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Anatomy and Physiology Back to All Pages »

State Objectives



- one credit -


Life Science (L) Earth and Space Science (E)

Physical Science (P)

COMPETENCIES and Suggested Teaching Objectives:

1. Utilize critical thinking and scientific problem solving in designing and

performing biological research and experimentation. (L, P, E)

a. Demonstrate the proper use and care for scientific equipment used in life


b. Observe and practice safe procedures in the classroom and laboratory.

c. Apply the components of scientific processes and methods in the classroom and

laboratory investigations.

d. Communicate results of scientific investigations in oral, written, and graphic


2. Describe the basic organization of the body using the appropriate

anatomical concepts. (L)

a. Define the terms: anatomy, physiology, and homeostasis; explain the

importance of the interaction between structure and function of organs and

organ systems in the human body.

b. Describe the anatomical position and apply anatomical terms, terms of direction,

and planes of section to describe the body and the relationship of its parts.

c. Identify the cavities of the body and locate the essential organs in each.

3. Discuss the biochemical composition of the human body. (L, P)

a. Identify the major elements that form the bulk of body matter.

b. Explain the relationships among atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.

c. Explain the importance of water to body homeostasis.

d. Describe the concept of pH and its relationship to acids and bases in the human


e. Name the four major groups of organic substances in the human body and give

examples and functions of specific members of each group.

2001 Mississippi Science Framework


4. Explore the relationship of the cell to the more complex levels of organization

within the body. (L)

a. Describe the structure and function of the components of a typical animal cell,

including membranous and non-membranous organelles.

b. Relate plasma membrane structure to active and passive transport mechanisms.

c. Name the four major categories of tissues and compare the location, structure,

and function of each.

5. Identify the structure and function of the human body systems,

explore the interactions among the systems and investigate major

disorders/diseases associated with each. (L)

a. Integumentary

b. Skeletal

c. Muscular

d. Nervous

e. Endocrine

f. Digestive

g. Respiratory

h. Circulatory

i. Lymphatic

j. Urinary

k. Reproductive